Wahiawā Reservoir and Irrigation Systems
The Wahiawā Reservoir (also known as Lake Wilson) is one of the largest reservoirs in all of Hawaiʻi and is the major source of agricultural water in the (moku) district of Waialua, Oʻahu. Water from Wahiawā reservoir is used to irrigate agricultural fields, including the Dole Plantation and a group of diversified agricultural projects on former Galbraith Estate lands collectively known as the Whitmore Project. The reservoir is also an important water source to smaller farmers in the moku of Waialua. This field trip will begin in Dole's lower fields and follow irrigation ditches, reservoirs, and pumps up to their largest source, the Wahiawā Reservoir Dam.
Hawaiʻi Fish Company
Hawaiʻi Fish Company, Hawaii’s longest operating commercial aquaculture farm, was established in 1978. HFC’s North Shore AquaFarm has been successfully operating off the grid for more than 25 years, raising its North Shore Tilapia in floating cages located in a deep spring-fed pond. Tilapia from Hawaiʻi Fish Company is in high demand and is served nightly at James Beard Award-Winning Chef Alan Wong's restaurant in Honolulu. For more information, visit http://www.hawaiifishcompany.com/
Nā Mea Kūpono Loʻi Kalo
Nā Mea Kūpono is a loʻi kalo, or traditional wetland taro patch, located in the ahupua’a (land division) of Kamananui in the moku of Waialua. The organization's focus is education, restoration and preservation of a wetland eco-system, and sustainable food production. Nā Mea Kūpono utilizes place based and hands-on learning experiences to connect students, community members, and visitors to mahiʻai (farming) and other cultural practices so that the Hawaiian tradition of mālama ʻāina, or respecting and caring for the land, is perpetuated.
Loko Ea and Ukoʻa Fishponds
Loko Ea and Ukoʻa are two distinct loko puʻuone, or sand-dune ponds connected to the sea by a stream or ditch, found in the land division of Kawailoa, Waialua. Together, they make up the third largest existing wetland on the island of Oʻahu. These fishponds once helped to sustain the community by providing aquatic food resources like native fish and seaweed. Over time, the ponds have unfortunately taken on an unprecedented amount of stress due to surrounding developments, mismanagement of resources and lack of continuous cultural practices. Today, Loko Ea is on a path to restoration with the help of the Mālama Loko Ea Foundation. Ukoʻa has also began a remediation process through the efforts by local land management company Pono Pacific. The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa's anthropology department also conducted their most recent North Shore Field School at ancient Hawaiian habitation sites near Ukoʻa. Participants of this field trip will visit both Loko Ea and Ukoʻa and learn about their rich history as well as the many restoration efforts that are currently striving to return these valuable ponds to their former productivity.